For countries such as the United Kingdom, which have a full examination of applications, the Madrid Agreement in its original form has remained unattractive. It gives advantages to those with easier access to their home registers and as a consequence its fee structure has been unacceptable. In 1989, however, a Protocol to Madrid was negotiated which offered an alternative method of using the Madrid scheme. This Protocol attracted British approval and is being given effect under the 1994 Act.
Another such agreement was the TRIPS Agreement. It imposes an obligation on its participant states to apply the Paris Convention standards relating to the trademarks. It also cross-refers to those provisions at a number of points, supplements some of them in significant respects and imposes its own obligations in addition.
Authored by Anisha Pal